The May 27 Coup: An Attempt to Analyze Politics in Gramscian Terms
The Democrat Party which was overthrown in 1960 can be viewed as a party which was supported by the masses who are critical of the single-party era. Apart from political reasons, the structure of the military played a key role in the emergence of the 1960 coup d’état. What I attempt to do in this piece is to employ three of Gramsci’s terms / conceptualizations in analyzing Turkish politics before and after the 1960’s coup d’état.
Historical bloc refers to a particular period of time with a particular type of power configuration shaped both by economic and political factors. First of all, the term ‘hegemony’ can be a good starting point in analyzing Turkish politics just before the military intervention. The DP rule chose not to negotiate with the opposing forces in the parliament, by contrast, the DP leaders chose to establish special investigative committees (tahkikat komisyonu) in order to cope with the opposing forces.
Secondly, the term ‘historical bloc’ can be employed in order to understand what had happened after the coup. Thirdly, a look at the new constitution drafting process will help us while evaluating the role of the ‘organic intellectuals’ in analyzing Turkish politics of that time period. To put it in a nutshell it can be said that the events preceding and following the 1960 coup can be a good case study for applying Gramscian terms/conceptualizations in analyzing Turkish politics.
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The 27 Amendments SimplifiedThe freedom of religion, speech, and to peacefully assemble together.The right to own a gun.The right to not house a solider.The right to not be searched or have something taken away within reason.The right to life, liberty, property, and no double jeopardy or self-incrimination. More info : What are the 27 amendments in simple terms?
Their way seems to be the correct way.
- You state you have the Ambassador.
- Resolve any challenges.
- If unchallenged or won challenge, you draw two cards.
- Mix up 2 drawn cards with your card(s).
- Return two cards to draw deck and shuffle deck.
- Continue to next player.